300 million years ago, all of the land on
earth was part of one giant landmass called pangea. Pangea was what we call a supercontinent. Due to the movement of tectonic plates, the
landmass split up, and gradually the earths continents formed as we know them today. North America on top of south America, Europe
next to asia, and Africa and Australia on their own. Interesting plot twist, 250 million years
in the future, pangea is going to reform, so that the earth consists of one solid landmass. Africa is heading toward Europe, Australia
and asia will merge, and the atlantic ocean will completely disappear. So what if pangea reformed? That’s what we’re going to talk about,
right now on life’s biggest questions. Hello and welcome back to life’s biggest
questions, the channel that questions the impossible, and occasionally the entirely
possible. I’m charlotte dobre, and if this is your
first time here, hit that subscribe for daily videos on great topics just like this one. Around 310 million years ago, the earth’s
landmass was one giant continent known as pangea. This is what the world looked like when pangea
was still around. Eurasia was next to north America, which shared
its southern borders with south America and Africa. India and antartica were next to each other
and right at the bottom was Australia. But then, 250 million years ago, pangea started
to break up. During the Triassic period, earthquakes and
volcanic eruptions caused the pangea to pull apart. If pangea reaformed, it would mean all the
wildlife and humans will now be able to move freely around one large landmass. Its entirely possible that one of the reasons
why the dinosaurs went extinct, they were no longer able to roam freely to other areas
of the landmass in search of food or habitiat. The oceans that separated species caused them
to evolve in different ways. It can be assumed that once the earth has
one big landmass again, there will be less ecological variation. While pangea itself isn’t going to reform
exactly the way it was, in 250 million years, the earth is going to become one giant landmass
once again, but a little different this time. The earth’s tectonic plates are always moving. At a rate of a few centimeters per year. North and south America will become one landmass
again. Africa will share its southern border with
north and south America, and its eastern border with Eurasia. Then there’s going to be an ocean right
in the middle of that landmass. Antartica, india and Australia could end up
underneath. With little to no ocean separating the continents,
the weather is going to be extremely different. Its likely the land toward the center will
be very dry and airid, and the land on the coast will be temperate. Then of course, much of our planet will be
a big blue ocean. Africa has been moving toward Europe for 40
million years and that’s because Italy, Greece and most of the Mediterranean is part
of the African plate. The Mediterranean used to be a much larger
ocean, and basically, the present day Mediterranean sea is what’s left of that. As Africa moves toward Europe, its going to
create a mountain range, much in the way the alps and the Pyrenees mountains were created. The plate is going to get crumpled and pushed
much higher up. Who knows, maybe a new worlds tallest mountain
will form when this happens, and Everest wont be the tallest anymore. This is happening very slowly, according to
experts, the plates are moving about the same rate as how fast your fingernails grow. So it wont be extremely devastating, but it
will cause earthquakes, as it already has in greese and turkey. As Africa becomes a part of Europe, borders
will become blurred. Once the Mediterranean sea is gone, people,
if we are still around, wont travel by sea anymore. They’ll be able to travel across continents
by land. Once Africa and Europe share a border, Its
inevitable that Africans and Europeans are going to cross into each others areas and
interbreed. Australia is slowly moving north, and eventually
its going to merge with asia. It’s also inevitable that this will cause
conflict between nations. Its very difficult to predict how the plates
are going to move, but according to geologist Dr. Christopher Scotese, this is what our
earth will look like 250 million years from now. There are actually 4 separate predictions
for what the future earth will look like. The first is called novopangea. The second is Pangea ultima. The third is Aurica, and the fourth Amasia. Most expert believe novopangea is the most
likely. Pangea was only the most recent of several
supercontintents scientists predicted existed. Rodina was another supercontinent that existed
750 million to 1.3 billion years ago. And nuna was the oldest known supercontinent. It’s just part of living on a planet with
tectonic plates. What should we call the new pangea? Pangea 2.0? write your responses in the comments. For now, I’m going to wrap up this video
with some comment replies. These were from my last video, what if steve
jobs was still alive today. Dr Complex – I hope this is demonitized. Well, sorry to shatter your hopes and dreams
but it wasn’t. Half Cromosome – What if life’s biggest
questions stopped answering questions. Well I would imagine people would stop watching. Mary joyce is bobo – what if you dated your
cousin. That would be weird. Sparkcloud- thank you guys for going with
a queston that I’ve been asking about. You’re very welcome, we do look at your
suggestions and we do take them seriously.