Hey guys! Nice work, Squeeks! We are just taking out the trash. You probably don’t spend much time thinking
about trash — — at least, not until it starts to smell,
and it’s time to take it out! But we all make trash every day — like the
eggshells leftover from breakfast, or the plastic bag from your lunch, or metal cans
that your mom or dad might open up at dinner time. Plus, we bring a /lot/ of papers home from
school… …and they don’t /all/ fit on the refrigerator! We usually throw a lot of this trash, or waste,
into the garbage can. But did you ever wonder what happens to all
that waste? Well, it doesn’t just magically disappear. And what happens to it, depends on what it’s
made of. For example, some waste decomposes. When something decomposes, it breaks down,
or rots. If you’ve ever taken a walk in the woods,
then you probably have noticed things decomposing… …like the leaves that fell last autumn,
or an old log. You can tell that those things are decomposing
because they’re very slowly getting brown and mushy. They decompose because those things came from
something that was once alive — the leaves and the log were once parts of a tree! And we make waste that decomposes, too. Usually, this waste is /also/ made of things
that were once alive — like apple cores, eggshells, banana peels, and pretty much all
of the leftover food from your table. This kind of waste can be put to good use
— as food for your garden, called compost! And we’re going to talk about how you can
make compost another time! But, what about the waste that /doesn’t/
rot or break down? Some of this waste goes into a dump, also
known as a landfill. And it basically just sits there, making a
big, smelly mess. And it’ll keep sitting there … for a long,
long time. Luckily, there’s a way that you can get
rid of your waste /without/ adding to that mess — by recycling! Recycling means taking waste and making it
into something else. Maybe you have a recycling bin, like this,
in your school, or even in your own house. Things that we can recycle include metal… … plastic … and paper. So let’s check out what happens to the waste
that you put in the recycling bin! First, all of the recycling is collected and
sorted into different kinds of waste. All the plastic goes in one pile…all the
metal in another…and all the paper gets its own pile. The metal is taken to a special factory where
it’s crushed and then squished together with the metal from other recycling bins. This big lump of metal is then chopped up
into little tiny pieces. Next, those pieces are melted in a big oven,
and then poured into molds shaped like blocks. These new blocks of metal are then sent to
other factories, where they can be used to make other things made of metal! So the metal cans that you throw into the
recycling don’t go to the dump — they get a whole new life, as a new can, or a piece
of foil, or even part of a bike or a car! And your old milk jug made of plastic can
be turned into something new, too! It’s also taken to a special factory, where
the plastic is shredded into tiny bits, and then melted in a really hot oven, and made
into little pellets. Factories can take these pellets and make
them into new things like water bottles, food containers, and even bigger things — like
park benches, carpet, and even some kinds of clothing! So what about all of those papers that you’ve
brought home? /Paper/ is recycled in a way that’s a little
different from metal and plastic. It’s taken to a recycling center, where
it’s mixed with other paper and a whole bunch of water, until it gets all goopy. This goop is then smashed between two rollers,
which squish it into big, flat sheets. These sheets are left to dry, when they’re
cut into pieces of /new/ paper… … which we can use for art projects! If you think about it, when we recycle, /we’re/
breaking down waste that doesn’t decompose on its own.. And that makes less waste for all of us! So keep recycling! Thanks for joining me at Sci Show Kids! Do you have a question you’d like to ask
us? Let us know in the comments below, or send
us an email at [email protected]